14-Jan-2021 | Market Research Store

Looking at the surging rate of constructions taking place in the city, the requirement of building material is bound to increase as there is a demand for high quality yet feasible concrete to develop structures such as towers, bridges, and dams. However, concrete is found to have a large environmental footprint due to constant carbon dioxide emissions from the production of cement—which is its main constituent. Recently, a team of researchers from the Polytechnic University of Catalonia are working toward developing stronger and sustainable concrete, power streetlights, or air pollution sensors from root vegetables and recycled plastic.

Just as water, concrete is also a widely used component across the globe. It is thus been observed that producing cement for making concrete sums up to 8% of global carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. Additionally, there is burning of various minerals, shale, shells, and other components in kilns at approximately 1,400°C and the use of fossil fuels to generate energy source, which thereby leads to CO2 emissions. Also the production clinker that is an intermediary product in the cement is energy-intensive as well as requires a high-temperature chemical reaction. The cement industry is thus trying to decarbonize the entire process so as to lower the carbon footprint. However, eliminating the chemical part of the emission is unavoidable until a completely different type of cement is developed.

Cement when mixed with water turns into a paste that binds together with sand and crushed stone and this concrete mixture later hardens to form a solid structure. The reason behind developing stronger cement is to reduce its use that will further lower the impact on the environment. Thus, researchers shifted their focus to root vegetables as the leftovers of these materials are believed to add strength to the cement. The computer simulations also confirmed that the nanosheets made from these carrot leftovers when added to the cement helped hydrate it more and increased its mechanical properties as well. Furthermore, the carrots were found to help produce electric power and activate LEDs or electronic devices. The major focus is to build structures using carrot cement to reduce the costs and enhance the mechanical strength.

Market Research Store has published a report on global green cement and concrete market. The report provides fundamental market details including consumption structure, manufacturing processes, development trends, and various market segments. It also covers the market growth stimulating factors as well.