Green Chemistry: Biomass Can Now Be Converted Into Supreme Quality Coatings

Green Chemistry: Biomass Can Now Be Converted Into Supreme Quality Coatings

Published: 14-Jan-2021 | Published By: Market Research Store

Researchers from the University of Groningen along with AkzoNobel, a Dutch multinational company, developed a process that used light, oxygen, and UV light to transform biomass into a high-quality coating. In this process, a renewable source is combined with green chemistry with the goal of replacing petrochemical-based monomers such as acrylates, which are used as building blocks for resins, coatings, and paints. The coatings are present everywhere, from the paints on the walls to screen guards on the smartphones. The coatings are primarily used to shield from weather and other wear & tear conditions. The acrylate monomer-based polymers are generally used to make coatings, thereby increasing the production scale of acrylate.

According to researchers from the University of Groningen, there is a need for sustainable coating owing to surging global warming. The scientists plan to use lignocellulose as the starting material as it is found to make 20–30% of the woody parts of the plants and it is also abundantly present on Earth. Lignocellulose is currently used as a solid fuel or to make biofuels. Moreover, acid was used to break down cellulose to create chemical building block furfural which further needs to be modified to produce coatings. The process developed by the researchers converted furfural into hydroxybutenolide, which is a compound that is just like the acrylic acid. Additionally, the use of light, oxygen, and a catalyst in this chemical conversion results in no waste production and the only product formed is methyl formate which could be used to replace chlorofluorocarbons in other processes.

The hydroxybutenolide structure is similar to acrylate; however, its reactive part is ring-like which makes it less reactive and easier for modification to produce polymers. The addition of different green or bio-based alcohols to the hydroxybutenolide helped create four diverse alkoxybutenolide monomers. These monomers could be converted into polymers and coatings using UV light and an initiator. The coatings contain cross-linked polymers that give it various properties and also help it coat not only glass but also plastic. The coatings are hard and also adaptable for other purposes.

Market Research Store has published a report on global protective coatings market. The report provides all the market details including market growth analytics, geographical distribution, competitive players, opportunities & challenges, threats, business strategies, and so on that have an impact on the market growth.