20-Nov-2020 | Market Research Store

There are a few molecules that bind to the ice surface such that create a curved interface that can inhibit the ice growth. The new protein molecule that behaves as natural antifreeze agents is found in certain insects, plants, and sea-dwelling creatures that let the organisms bear freezing temperatures. The researchers used computational simulations to depict the ice binding through a biasing technique. The new antifreeze proteins tend to bind onto the interface between ice and liquid water. The new protein resulted in curved surface that helped stop the growth of ice. Many of ice-nucleating molecules are found to catalyze the ice formed from supercooled liquid water.

In The Journal of Chemical Physics, the researchers have been able to explain the phenomena of the way molecules bind to ice. Moreover, it is important to understand the binding of ice in case of cryopreservation of organs and climate modeling. However, till date no computational methodsto efficiently model this phenomenon exist. The major advantage of the ice-biasing simulation approach is its ability to constantly identify ice-binding surface, mode of binding, and specific binding site. The researchers have created two types of models that include all-atom model and coarse-grained model.

The researchers investigated the ice-binding molecules such as polyvinyl alcohol and natural antifreeze proteins obtained from beetle Tenebrio molitor. However, limited site binding is the major issue. Thus, the latest team is investigating the biological antifreeze protein in the sea-ice diatom Frailariopsis cylindrus to find how many sites the protein can bind using a cap and repeatmethod. The new method showed promising applications such to help freeze tissues during storage and also in understanding the ice nucleation taking place in the atmosphere.

Market Research Store has published a report on global antifreeze proteins (AFP) market. The report covers market growth influencers, competitive landscape, demographic analysis, opportunities & challenges, and industrial developments.