Sponge On A String Test Helps In Early Diagnosis Of Oesophageal Cancer

Sponge On A String Test Helps In Early Diagnosis Of Oesophageal Cancer

Published: 30-Oct-2020 | Published By: Market Research Store

Researchers from the Cambridge University and Addenbrooke's Hospitalhave lately developed a sponge on a string test to help diagnose the risks of oesophageal cancer during the earliest days following which the doctors can suggest the best preventive steps. The new test takes only a minute as the patient is told to swallow a pill having a sponge-like material tied to a thread. This pill when consumed immediately dissolves and the sponge inside it starts expanding. When the sponge is pulled it scrapes the cells present at the lining of the oesophagus. These cells are then examined for identifying any pre-cancerous changes. The new sponge on string test has been named the Cytosponge and it is considered to be a suitable alternative to endoscopy.

Moreover, as the endoscopies require hospital or specialist unit and the procedures are highly uncomfortable, the new development is no doubt a boon for the patients as well as the doctors.For improving the survival rates, the Cytosponge could prove efficient as the detection of oesophageal cancer at its earliest stages or before it even begins is possible using this new test. There are millions affected by this type of cancer and the survival rate of this cancer is hardly 12%. Thus, the need for an efficient and rapid test is urgent to reduce the number of oesophageal cancer-related deaths.The age is found to play an important role in onset of cancer just like obesity, alcohol, and smoking. There is a huge increase in the risks of Barrett's oesophagusin which the pre-cancerous changes to the cells lining the lower part of the gullet takes place.This is basically caused by acid reflux and the acids are found to leak into the oesophagus from the stomach. Such increase in the acid levels can change the cells lining the oesophagus.

Oesophageal cancer causes similar problems.The Cytosponge offers a quick, non-invasive, and simple alternative that is safe and effective. When compared to endoscopy wherein the aerosol release is higher, the new procedure is aerosol-free and tackling the diagnostic delays caused by the pandemic. If Barrett’s is diagnosed, the medication to control acid fluxes and surgery could be performed to avoid risks of cancer.

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