22-Mar-2021 | Market Research Store

Recently, the team from North Carolina State University discovered that the cotton yarns could be coated with enzymes that are generally used to speed up chemical reactions such as converting hydrogen peroxide into water and oxygen. Currently, the researchers are striving to develop a next generation chemical filters. The researchers are trying to fabricate textile filters that can act as a carbon capture technology. The researchers coated textiles with carbonic anhydrase, which is an enzymethat can convert carbon dioxide into water-soluble baking soda. The latest study shows the new catalase system to be useful for different applications. The increasing concerns over carbon emissions is the reason the behind the development of such a filter for global remediation.

In the journal Advanced Materials Interfaces, the team has clearly mentioned the future of this research. The idea of using nature’s catalysts to carry out specific chemical reactions that too under normal conditions helps reaction head the right way. The researchers used catalase, which is an enzyme present in the body that generally degrades hydrogen peroxide before it can harm us. In the study, the researchers used gel-like material, chitosan, to branch the catalase to yarns, which could later be used to convert hydrogen peroxide into water and oxygen. The catalase enzyme is preferable option as oxygen gas is released during the peroxide degradation. The formation of bubbles at the time of the reaction is a confirmation that the enzyme is working right.

In the textile industries, the peroxide is used to bleach cotton. This biocatalytic textile could then be reused to filter water and separate peroxide from it. As the enzymes behave as naturaldissolved materials, they could be attached to the surface to be reused for further applications. The enzymes can be attached to textiles as they are highly functional and flexible materials that could be made into different shapes and sizes. The transport of water or any liquid is one of the primary future applications of the enzyme attached textiles.

The researchers also plan to use carbonic anhydrase — that helps transport carbon dioxide out of your cells for further exhaling — to be used to filter gas from a power plant. The fundamental goal is to selectively pick out the carbon dioxide molecules while leaving the rest of the harmless gases go. The researchers are striving to develop a useful tool tocombat climate change.