21-Oct-2021 | Market Research Store

The University of Vienna scientists have recently uncovered after study that explains how gut bacteria within infants have the ability to develop brain development in the latter. The team explained their process by stating that extremely premature infants can be at a higher risk for brain damage and that early treatment of such infants can be made possible with the current set of research. Bacteria in the gut of the premature infant are expected to play a pivotal role in the following issues by finding that overgrowth of the gastrointestinal tract within the bacterium family Kelbsiella can be found at an increased amount for certain immune cells. These cells have the capability to affect the range of development of any neurological damage in premature babies. The team notes that during the early stages of development, the brain, the gut, and the immune system are closely interlocked.

The team notes that they are closely able to identify certain patterns in the microbiome and the triggered immune response are clearly the possessed link between the progression of the brain injury and the obtained severity. Furthermore, these patterns are closely related to the occurring changes in the brain and also suggest a critical time window during which the brain damage of such extremely premature infants can be prevented from worsening and in some cases can even be avoided. The primary points for the development of this study began with the appropriate therapy measures that are often provided by the biomarkers that the interdisciplinary team was able to identify. The team’s data indicates that the excessive growth of the bacterium Klebsiella and the associated elevated amount of T-cells have the ability to accelerate levels of brain damage. The team was able to track brain damage and draw conclusions that a very specific group of infants can be avoided going through the degrading in the future.

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