Synthetic Brain-Inspired Cells Might Make Mutation Detection In Viruses Simpler

Synthetic Brain-Inspired Cells Might Make Mutation Detection In Viruses Simpler

Published: 28-Sep-2020 | Published By: Market Research Store

A new nanodevice that is exactly similar to that of a brain cell has been created by the scientists from Texas A&M University, Hewlett Packard Labs, and Stanford University. The formation of intricate networks by connecting these synthetic brain cells is anticipated to help many brain-related problems. It is for the first time that mimicking the neurons using a single nanoscale device instead of hundred transistors has been made possible. Furthermore, the networks of these artificial neurons have helped solve problems that occur in real-world and also which are computationally difficult for majority of the advanced digital technologies. The researchers believe that their brain-inspired system can easily identify mutations in a virus and indeed help ensure the effectiveness of the vaccines and medications for various strains showcasing unique genetic diversity.

Advancements have made digital technologies a lot smaller and faster in case of transistor technology. However, such critical circuit components are reaching their limits in terms of size and work, thereby initiating an urgent need for new type of technology to replace transistors. Additionally, the transistor-based digital technologies have numerous challenges that are scaling down its utilization. As the brain-related problems are getting complex, the computers are becoming incapable of solving it.

The brains are known to recognize and optimize problem at a faster rate thereby making it an ideal source of inspiration instead of the digital systems. Thus, mimicking the brain could help solve a lot of tasks that is potentially difficult for the computer or digital technologies. It is this reason that the team developed a synthetic nanoscale device using layers of inorganic materials with diverse functions. The changes in temperature that enable back-and-forth transitions from an insulator to a conductor in the synthetic device helps generate a pulse of electrical current that is just like the electrical spikes produced by biological neurons. The creation of network of these brain-inspired cells could help solve the jigsaw puzzle-like mutations in the virus’ genome. This next-generation technology will also help address memory and learning tasks.

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