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The LTE, LTE-Advanced & 5G Ecosystem: 2014 - 2020 - Infrastructure, Devices, Subscriptions & Operator Revenue

Published: Jan-2014 | Format: PDF | SNS Telecom & IT | Number of pages: 328 | Code: MRS - 770

As a natural upgrade path for carriers from the previously detached GSM, CDMA and TD-SCDMA ecosystems, LTE has emerged as the first truly global mobile communications standard. Commonly marketed as the “4G” standard, LTE promises to provide higher data rates and lower latency at a much lower Total Cost of Ownership (TCO) than 3G technologies.

The TCO and performance is further enhanced by deployment of small cells and the LTE-Advanced standard. LTE-Advanced or simply LTE-A is a further enhancement to LTE which improves performance and data rates using features such as the aggregation of carriers, interference management and advanced antenna techniques.

With over 265 fully commercial network launches, LTE adoption has considerably gained momentum throughout the globe, and a number of carriers have already deployed LTE-A features such as carrier aggregation. SNS Research estimates that LTE service revenues will account for $103 Billion in 2014. Revenues are further expected to grow at a CAGR of 40% over the next 6 years.

Driven by these revenue prospects, operators continue to aggressively invest in LTE infrastructure, encompassing macrocell base stations (eNBs), small cells and EPC/mobile core equipment. LTE infrastructure spending is expected to account for nearly $15 Billion by the end of 2014.

While LTE and LTE-A deployments are still underway, wireless carriers and vendors have already embarked on R&D projects to develop 5G standards, which offer even higher data rates than LTE-A. SNS Research predicts that fully commercial 5G services will be rolled out by the end of 2020.

The “LTE, LTE-Advanced & 5G Ecosystem: 2014 – 2020 – Infrastructure, Devices, Subscriptions & Operator Revenue” report presents an in-depth assessment of the LTE, LTE-A and emerging 5G ecosystem including key market drivers, challenges, operator revenue potential, infrastructure/device deployment commitments, future roadmap, value chain, vendor market share and strategies. The report also presents revenue and shipment market size and forecasts for both infrastructure and devices, along with subscription and service revenue projections for the LTE market as a whole, as well as separate projections for the TD-LTE and LTE FDD sub-markets from 2014 through to 2020. Historical figures are also presented for 2010, 2011, 2012 and 2013.

The report comes with an associated Excel datasheet suite covering quantitative data from all numeric forecasts presented in the report.


Table of Contents  

1 Chapter 1: Introduction 23
1.1 Executive Summary 23
1.2 Topics Covered 25
1.3 Historical Revenue & Forecast Segmentation 26
1.4 Key Questions Answered 28
1.5 Key Findings 29
1.6 Methodology 30
1.7 Target Audience 31
1.8 Companies & Organizations Mentioned 32

2 Chapter 2: LTE and LTE-Advanced Ecosystem 37
2.1 Mobile Broadband Growth 37
2.1.1 LTE: Adding Mobility to Broadband Applications 37
2.1.2 Flexibility of LTE Spectrum & Infrastructure Deployments 38
2.2 An Overview of LTE & LTE-Advanced 39
2.2.1 LTE: An Established Market 39
2.3 What are 4G Technology Features & Services? 39
2.3.1 LTE Performance Metrics 40
2.3.2 LTE Features 41
2.3.3 LTE Services 41
2.3.4 Motivation for LTE-A 42
2.4 What is LTE-A? 43
2.4.1 Carrier Aggregation 43
2.4.2 Optimizing Small Cell Performance 43
2.4.3 eICIC 43
2.4.4 Higher Order MIMO 44
2.4.5 CoMP 44
2.4.6 Unlicensed Spectrum 44
2.5 LTE Architecture 45
2.5.1 UE: User Equipment 46
2.5.2 E-UTRAN: The Access Network 47
2.5.3 The Concept of Home eNB (HeNB) 48
2.5.4 EPC: The Mobile Core 49
2.5.5 Functional Split between E-UTRAN and the EPC 51
2.6 Challenges & Inhibiters to 4G 52
2.6.1 Time to Market 52
2.6.2 Operator CapEx 52
2.6.3 Spectrum Requirement 52
2.6.4 Reduce Initial Investment 53
2.6.5 Interoperability with Legacy Networks 53
2.6.6 Voice and SMS Support 54
2.6.7 Need for Customizable Building Blocks 54
2.6.8 Common Solution for Different Subscriber Usage Needs 54
2.6.9 Investment Returns 55
2.6.10 Backhaul Capacity 55
2.7 4G Market Drivers 56
2.7.1 Competitive Operator Landscape 56
2.7.2 Growing Traffic Capacity Demands 56
2.7.3 LTE Value Proposition: Network Performance and Cost Savings 57
2.7.4 Application Ecosystem 58
2.7.5 Seamless Interoperability with Legacy Networks 59
2.7.6 Access Network Transparency with HetNets 61
2.7.7 End-to-End QoS 61
2.7.8 Spectrum Efficiency 61
2.7.9 Global Standard for Global Roaming 62
2.7.10 3GPP: Driving Economies of Scale 62
2.7.11 Enabling Cheaper Mobile Broadband Connectivity 63

3 Chapter 3: The 5G Ecosystem 64
3.1 What is 5G? 64
3.1.1 Key Concepts of 5G Technology 64
3.1.2 Key Features of 5G Technology 65
3.2 5G Architecture 67
3.2.1 Ubiquitous Computing 67
3.2.2 Core Aggregation & Flatter IP Concept 67
3.3 Challenges & Inhibitors to 5G 70
3.3.1 Skepticism 70
3.3.2 Spectrum Complexities 70
3.3.3 Integration of Various Standards 71
3.3.4 Common Platform 71
3.3.5 High Redundancy Requirement 71
3.3.6 Transparency among Network Operators 71
3.3.7 Reliability of Higher Frequency Bands 72
3.3.8 Backhaul 72
3.4 5G Performance 73
3.4.1 What are the relevant KPIs and Functional Requirements for 5G? 73
3.4.2 Round Trip Time (RTT) 73
3.4.3 Spectrum Availability 74
3.4.4 Spectrum Efficiency 74
3.4.5 Inbuilt Support of Self-Backhauling and Direct Device-to-Device 75
3.4.6 Low Power Consumption 75
3.4.7 Ultra Low Cost per Access Node 75
3.5 5G Market Drivers 77
3.5.1 Is LTE not the Answer to User Demands? 77
3.5.2 Why the Need for a 5G Standard? 77
3.5.3 Key Drivers for Growing Data Traffic 78
3.6 4G & 5G Applications and Content Services 79
3.6.1 Enabling Workforce Mobility, Cloud Computing and ICT Consumerization 79
3.6.2 Benefits of Mobility Applications 80
3.6.3 4G & 5: Enabling True Mobility of Applications 81
3.6.4 The Five Key Characteristics of Mobile Broadband 81
3.6.5 Benefits of 4G & 5G Over 3G and Wi-Fi 83
3.6.6 Vertical Applications of 4G & 5G 84
3.7 Technical Integration Aspects of 5G 85
3.7.1 5G System Model 85
3.7.2 RAN Integration 86
3.7.3 Application Connections 87
3.7.4 Routing 87
3.7.5 Transparency & Control 88
3.7.6 Network Abstraction Layer 89
3.8 5G Standardization and Research Initiatives 90
3.8.1 METIS 90
3.8.2 5GPP 91
3.8.3 Korea’s 5G Forum 91
3.8.4 Japan’s ARIB 2020 and Beyond AdHoc 92
3.8.5 China’s IMT 2020 92
3.9 How much is being Invested in 5G R&D? 93
3.10 5G Requirements 94
3.11 Vertical Industries to Play a Key Role 94
3.12 SDN Capabilities Considered Inherit for 5G 95
3.13 Spectrum Aggregation is a Necessity 95
3.14 Authorized Shared Access (ASA) 95
3.15 Will 5G be a New Air Interface? 96
3.16 5G Demonstrations 96
3.16.1 Samsung 96
3.16.2 NSN 96
3.16.3 Huawei 97

4 Chapter 4: 4G & 5G Operator Deployment Models 98
4.1 LTE/EPC Deployment for an Existing 3GPP Operator 98
4.1.1 Devices 99
4.1.2 How to Introduce EPC into the Equation? 99
4.1.3 Replacing the Existing Core 100
4.1.4 Upgrading Subscriptions 102
4.1.5 Maintenance of Legacy and LTE Infrastructure 102
4.2 LTE/EPC for a Greenfield Operator 103
4.2.1 Roaming Capacity Planning 103
4.2.2 Initially Spotty Coverage 103
4.2.3 Starting Point Requirements 103
4.2.4 GRX Requirements and Resource Allocation 104

5 Chapter 5: LTE/LTE-A Vertical Markets 106
5.1 Capitalizing on LTE and LTE-A 106
5.2 Vertical Market Case Studies 107
5.2.1 Construction Industry 107
5.2.2 Healthcare 107
5.2.3 Retail 108
5.2.4 Automotive and Transport 108
5.2.5 Professional Services 108
5.2.6 Public Safety & Emergency Services 109
5.2.7 Defense 110
5.2.8 Energy & Utilities 110

6 Chapter 6: LTE/LTE-A Requirements in Core & Backhaul 112
6.1 Core Requirements for LTE & LTE-A 112
6.1.1 End of Circuit-Switched Voice 113
6.1.2 Evolved Wireless Broadband 113
6.1.3 Mobility as part of the Core 114
6.1.4 End-to-End QoS Becomes Essential 114
6.1.5 Policy Management and Enforcement 114
6.1.6 Change in Product Architecture 115
6.2 Backhaul Requirements for LTE & LTE-A 116
6.2.1 User Device Speeds 117
6.2.2 LTE Cell Site Backhaul Requirements 118
6.2.3 Improving LTE Throughput & Service Quality 120
6.2.4 Topologies for LTE Backhaul 121
6.2.5 Daisy Chains 121
6.2.6 Hub and Spoke 121
6.2.7 TREE/TIERED Networks 122
6.2.8 MESH and RING Networks 122
6.2.9 Backhaul Network Dimensioning 123
6.2.10 Example Dimensioning: Ring Topology 124
6.2.11 Network Dimensioning Guidelines 124
6.2.12 Traffic Asymmetry 125

7 Chapter 7: Industry Roadmap & Value Chain 126
7.1 Industry Roadmap 126
7.1.1 Initial LTE FDD Rollouts: 2010 - 2011 126
7.1.2 Rise of the HetNet Ecosystem: 2012 - 2013 127
7.1.3 A Wave of TD-LTE Deployments: 2014 - 2016 127
7.1.4 Moving Towards “Software Centric” Networking: 2017 - 2019 128
7.1.5 Start of the 5G Era: 2020 & Beyond 128
7.2 Value Chain 129
7.3 Embedded Technology Ecosystem 129
7.3.1 Chipset Developers 129
7.3.2 Embedded Component/Software Providers 129
7.4 RAN Ecosystem 132
7.4.1 Macrocell RAN OEMs 132
7.4.2 ‘Pure-Play’ and Specialist Small Cell OEMs 133
7.4.3 WiFi Access Point OEMs 134
7.4.4 DAS & Repeater Solution Providers 135
7.4.5 Cloud RAN Solution Providers 136
7.4.6 Other Technology & Network Component Providers/Enablers 137
7.5 Mobile Backhaul Ecosystem 138
7.5.1 Backhaul Solution Providers 138
7.6 Mobile Core Ecosystem 139
7.6.1 Core Network Infrastructure & Software Providers 139
7.7 Connectivity Ecosystem 140
7.7.1 2G, 3G & 4G Wireless Carriers 140
7.7.2 WiFi Connectivity Providers 142
7.7.3 Small Cells as a Service (SCaaS) Providers 142
7.8 SON Ecosystem 143
7.8.1 SON Solution Providers 143
7.9 SDN & NFV Ecosystem 144
7.9.1 SDN & NFV Providers 144

8 Chapter 8: Vendor & Operator Landscape 145
8.1 LTE Infrastructure 145
8.1.1 Alcatel-Lucent 145
8.1.2 Cisco 146
8.1.3 Datang Mobile 147
8.1.4 Ericsson 147
8.1.5 Fujitsu 149
8.1.6 Huawei 149
8.1.7 New Postcom Equipment 150
8.1.8 NEC 151
8.1.9 Nokia Solutions & Networks (NSN) 151
8.1.10 Samsung 152
8.1.11 ZTE 153
8.2 LTE Devices 154
8.2.1 Apple 154
8.2.2 BlackBerry 155
8.2.3 Fujitsu (Formerly Fujitsu-Toshiba) 155
8.2.4 HTC 155
8.2.5 Huawei 156
8.2.6 Kyocera 156
8.2.7 LG 156
8.2.8 Motorola Mobility 157
8.2.9 NEC Casio Mobile Communications 157
8.2.10 Nokia 158
8.2.11 Panasonic 158
8.2.12 Pantech 159
8.2.13 Samsung 159
8.2.14 Sharp 159
8.2.15 Sony Mobile 160
8.2.16 ZTE 160
8.3 LTE Operators 161
8.3.1 AT&T Mobility 161
8.3.2 China Mobile 161
8.3.3 EE 162
8.3.4 KDDI 163
8.3.5 KT 163
8.3.6 LG Uplus 164
8.3.7 NTT DoCoMo 165
8.3.8 SK Telecom 166
8.3.9 SoftBank 167
8.3.10 Verizon Wireless 168

9 Chapter 9: Market Analysis & Forecasts 170
9.1 LTE Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 170
9.1.1 TDD vs. FDD RAN Segmentation 171
9.1.2 Macrocell vs. Small Cell RAN Submarket Segmentation 172
9.1.3 Regional Segmentation 173
9.2 LTE RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 174
9.2.1 LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 174
9.2.2 LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 175
9.3 EPC Infrastructure Revenue 176
9.4 TD-LTE RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 177
9.4.1 Macrocell vs. Small Cell RAN Submarket Segmentation 177
9.4.2 TD-LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 178
9.4.3 TD-LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 179
9.5 LTE FDD RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 180
9.5.1 Macrocell vs. Small Cell RAN Submarket Segmentation 180
9.5.2 LTE FDD Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 181
9.5.3 LTE FDD Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 182
9.6 LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 183
9.6.1 TDD vs. FDD Segmentation 183
9.6.2 Regional Segmentation 184
9.6.3 Segmentation by Form Factor 185
9.6.4 Embedded Cards 186
9.6.5 Consumer Gadgets 187
9.6.6 Netbooks 188
9.6.7 PCs 189
9.6.8 Routers 190
9.6.9 Smartphones 191
9.6.10 Tablets 192
9.6.11 USB Dongles 193
9.7 TD-LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 194
9.7.1 Regional Segmentation 194
9.7.2 Segmentation by Form Factor 195
9.8 LTE FDD Device Shipments & Revenue 196
9.8.1 Regional Segmentation 196
9.8.2 Segmentation by Form Factor 197
9.9 LTE Subscriptions & Service Revenue 198
9.9.1 TDD vs. FDD Segmentation 198
9.9.2 Regional Segmentation 200
9.9.3 Top 20 Countries 202
9.9.3.1 China 205
9.9.3.2 USA 207
9.9.3.3 Japan 209
9.9.3.4 India 211
9.9.3.5 Korea 213
9.9.3.6 Germany 215
9.9.3.7 UK 217
9.9.3.8 Indonesia 219
9.9.3.9 Brazil 221
9.9.3.10 Italy 223
9.9.3.11 Russia 225
9.9.3.12 Spain 227
9.9.3.13 Saudi Arabia 229
9.9.3.14 Mexico 231
9.9.3.15 France 233
9.9.3.16 Poland 235
9.9.3.17 Malaysia 237
9.9.3.18 Australia 239
9.9.3.19 Philippines 241
9.9.3.20 Canada 243
9.10 TD-LTE Subscriptions & Service Revenue 245
9.10.1 TD-LTE Subscriptions 245
9.10.2 TD-LTE Service Revenue 245
9.10.3 TD-LTE ARPU 246
9.11 LTE FDD Subscriptions & Service Revenue 247
9.11.1 LTE FDD Subscriptions 247
9.11.2 LTE FDD Service Revenue 247
9.11.3 LTE FDD ARPU 248
9.12 Asia Pacific 249
9.12.1 LTE Infrastructure Revenue 249
9.12.2 EPC Infrastructure Revenue 249
9.12.3 LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 250
9.12.4 LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 251
9.12.5 TD-LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 252
9.12.6 TD-LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 253
9.12.7 LTE FDD Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 254
9.12.8 LTE FDD Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 255
9.12.9 LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 256
9.12.10 TD-LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 257
9.12.11 LTE FDD Device Shipments & Revenue 258
9.12.12 LTE Subscriptions 259
9.12.13 LTE Service Revenue 259
9.12.14 LTE ARPU 260
9.13 Eastern Europe 261
9.13.1 LTE Infrastructure Revenue 261
9.13.2 EPC Infrastructure Revenue 261
9.13.3 LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 262
9.13.4 LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 263
9.13.5 TD-LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 264
9.13.6 TD-LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 265
9.13.7 LTE FDD Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 266
9.13.8 LTE FDD Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 267
9.13.9 LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 268
9.13.10 TD-LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 269
9.13.11 LTE FDD Device Shipments & Revenue 270
9.13.12 LTE Subscriptions 271
9.13.13 LTE Service Revenue 271
9.13.14 LTE ARPU 272
9.14 Latin & Central America 273
9.14.1 LTE Infrastructure Revenue 273
9.14.2 EPC Infrastructure Revenue 273
9.14.3 LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 274
9.14.4 LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 275
9.14.5 TD-LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 276
9.14.6 TD-LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 277
9.14.7 LTE FDD Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 278
9.14.8 LTE FDD Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 279
9.14.9 LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 280
9.14.10 TD-LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 281
9.14.11 LTE FDD Device Shipments & Revenue 282
9.14.12 LTE Subscriptions 283
9.14.13 LTE Service Revenue 283
9.14.14 LTE ARPU 284
9.15 Middle East & Africa 285
9.15.1 LTE Infrastructure Revenue 285
9.15.2 EPC Infrastructure Revenue 285
9.15.3 LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 286
9.15.4 LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 287
9.15.5 TD-LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 288
9.15.6 TD-LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 289
9.15.7 LTE FDD Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 290
9.15.8 LTE FDD Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 291
9.15.9 LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 292
9.15.10 TD-LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 293
9.15.11 LTE FDD Device Shipments & Revenue 294
9.15.12 LTE Subscriptions 295
9.15.13 LTE Service Revenue 295
9.15.14 LTE ARPU 296
9.16 North America 297
9.16.1 LTE Infrastructure Revenue 297
9.16.2 EPC Infrastructure Revenue 297
9.16.3 LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 298
9.16.4 LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 299
9.16.5 TD-LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 300
9.16.6 TD-LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 301
9.16.7 LTE FDD Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 302
9.16.8 LTE FDD Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 303
9.16.9 LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 304
9.16.10 TD-LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 305
9.16.11 LTE FDD Device Shipments & Revenue 306
9.16.12 LTE Subscriptions 307
9.16.13 LTE Service Revenue 307
9.16.14 LTE ARPU 308
9.17 Western Europe 309
9.17.1 LTE Infrastructure Revenue 309
9.17.2 EPC Infrastructure Revenue 309
9.17.3 LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 310
9.17.4 LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 311
9.17.5 TD-LTE Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 312
9.17.6 TD-LTE Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 313
9.17.7 LTE FDD Macrocell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 314
9.17.8 LTE FDD Small Cell RAN Infrastructure Shipments & Revenue 315
9.17.9 LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 316
9.17.10 TD-LTE Device Shipments & Revenue 317
9.17.11 LTE FDD Device Shipments & Revenue 318
9.17.12 LTE Subscriptions 319
9.17.13 LTE Service Revenue 319
9.17.14 LTE ARPU 320

10 Chapter 10: LTE Infrastructure, Device & Subscriptions Summary 321
10.1 Infrastructure 321
10.1.1 Commercial Device Availability 321
10.1.2 RAN Vendor Share: Who Leads the Market? 321
10.1.3 The Outlook for Tier 2 Vendors 322
10.1.4 EPC Vendor Share 323
10.2 Devices 323
10.2.1 Commercial Device Availability 323
10.2.2 Are Smartphones the Most Dominant Form Factor? 323
10.2.3 Vendor Share: Who Leads the Market? 324
10.2.4 What About Chipsets? 324
10.3 Subscriptions & Operator Services 324
10.3.1 Economic Downturn: Deployment Delays 324
10.3.2 Commercial Availability 325
10.3.3 How Big is the LTE Service Revenue Opportunity? 325
10.3.4 Outlook for LTE-A 326
10.3.5 Outlook for LTE Broadcast (eMBMS) 326
10.3.6 Outlook for VoLTE 327


List of Figures

Figure 1: LTE Architecture 45
Figure 2: E-UTRAN Architecture 47
Figure 3: EPC Architecture 49
Figure 4: Functional Split between E-UTRAN and the EPC 51
Figure 5: LTE Value Proposition 58
Figure 6: Seamless Roaming in EPC & IMS 60
Figure 7: Aggregated Core in the 5G Era 69
Figure 8: Benefits of 4G & 5G over 3G and Wi-Fi 83
Figure 9: 5G: Multi-RAN Integration 86
Figure 10: METIS Members 90
Figure 11: Global Investments in 5G R&D: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 93
Figure 12: METIS 5G Requirements 94
Figure 13: Vertical Markets for LTE and LTE-A 106
Figure 24: Global Private Public Safety LTE Infrastructure Spending: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 109
Figure 15: User Device Peak Speeds in an LTE Network 118
Figure 16: eNB Interfaces 119
Figure 17: Cell Backhaul Capacity vs. Deployment Area 120
Figure 18: Ring Backhaul Network Topology 122
Figure 19: Backhaul Link Overbooking 125
Figure 20: The Wireless Network Infrastructure Industry Roadmap: 2014 - 2020 126
Figure 21: The Wireless Network Infrastructure Value Chain 130
Figure 22: Embedded Technology Ecosystem Players 131
Figure 23: Macrocell RAN Ecosystem Players 132
Figure 24: Specialist Small Cell RAN Ecosystem Players 133
Figure 25: Carrier WiFi Ecosystem Players 134
Figure 26: DAS & Repeater Ecosystem Players 135
Figure 27: Cloud RAN Ecosystem Players 136
Figure 28: Mobile Backhaul Ecosystem Players 138
Figure 29: Mobile Core Ecosystem Players 139
Figure 30: List of LTE Trials & Deployments 141
Figure 31: SON Ecosystem Players 143
Figure 32: SDN & NFV Ecosystem Players 144
Figure 33: Global LTE Infrastructure Revenue by Submarket: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 170
Figure 34: Global LTE RAN Infrastructure Shipments by TDD/ FDD Technology: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 171
Figure 35: Global LTE RAN Infrastructure Revenue by TDD/ FDD Technology: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 171
Figure 36: Global LTE RAN Infrastructure Shipments by Submarket: 2010 - 2020 (Thousands of Units) 172
Figure 37: Global LTE RAN Infrastructure Revenue by Submarket: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 172
Figure 38: LTE Infrastructure Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 173
Figure 39: LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments by Region: 2010 – 2020 174
Figure 40: LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 174
Figure 41: LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments by Region: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 175
Figure 42: LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 175
Figure 43: LTE EPC Revenue by Region: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 176
Figure 44: Global TD-LTE Unit Shipments by Submarket: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 177
Figure 45: Global TD-LTE Unit Shipment Revenue by Submarket: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 177
Figure 46: TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments by Region: 2010 – 2020 178
Figure 47: TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 178
Figure 48: TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments by Region: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 179
Figure 49: TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 179
Figure 50: Global LTE FDD Unit Shipments by Submarket: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 180
Figure 51: Global LTE FDD Unit Shipment Revenue by Submarket: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 180
Figure 52: LTE FDD Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments by Region: 2010 – 2020 181
Figure 53: LTE FDD Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 181
Figure 54: LTE FDD Small Cell Unit Shipments by Region: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 182
Figure 55: LTE FDD Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 182
Figure 56: Global LTE Device Unit Shipments by TDD/FDD Technology: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 183
Figure 57: Global LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue by TDD/FDD Technology: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 183
Figure 58: LTE Device Unit Shipments by Region: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 184
Figure 59: LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 184
Figure 60: Global LTE Device Unit Shipments by Form Factor: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 185
Figure 61: Global LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue by Form Factor: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 185
Figure 62: LTE Embedded Card Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 186
Figure 63: LTE Embedded Card Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 186
Figure 64: LTE Consumer Gadget Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 187
Figure 65: LTE Consumer Gadget Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 187
Figure 66: LTE Netbook Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 188
Figure 67: LTE Netbook Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 188
Figure 68: LTE PC Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 189
Figure 69: LTE PC Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 189
Figure 70: LTE Router Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 190
Figure 71: LTE Router Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 190
Figure 72: LTE Smartphone Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 191
Figure 73: LTE Smartphone Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 191
Figure 74: LTE Tablet Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 192
Figure 75: LTE Tablet Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 192
Figure 76: LTE USB Dongle Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 193
Figure 77: LTE USB Dongle Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 193
Figure 78: TD-LTE Device Unit Shipments by Region: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 194
Figure 79: TD-LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 194
Figure 80: Global TD-LTE Device Unit Shipments by Form Factor: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 195
Figure 81: Global TD-LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue by Form Factor: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 195
Figure 82: LTE FDD Device Unit Shipments by Region: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 196
Figure 83: LTE FDD Device Unit Shipment Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 196
Figure 84: Global LTE FDD Device Unit Shipments by Form Factor: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 197
Figure 85: Global LTE FDD Device Unit Shipment Revenue by Form Factor: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 197
Figure 86: Global LTE Subscriptions by TDD/FDD Technology: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 198
Figure 87: Global LTE Service Revenue by TDD/FDD Technology: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 198
Figure 88: Global LTE ARPU by TDD/FDD Technology: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 199
Figure 89: LTE Subscriptions by Region: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 200
Figure 90: LTE Service Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 200
Figure 91: LTE ARPU by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 201
Figure 92: LTE Subscriptions in Top 20 Countries: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 202
Figure 93: LTE Service Revenue in Top 20 Countries: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 203
Figure 94: LTE ARPU in Top 20 Countries: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 204
Figure 95: LTE Subscriptions in China: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 205
Figure 96: LTE Service Revenue in China: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 205
Figure 97: LTE ARPU in China: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 206
Figure 98: LTE Subscriptions in USA: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 207
Figure 99: LTE Service Revenue in USA: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 207
Figure 100: LTE ARPU in USA: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 208
Figure 101: LTE Subscriptions in Japan: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 209
Figure 102: LTE Service Revenue in Japan: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 209
Figure 103: LTE ARPU in Japan: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 210
Figure 104: LTE Subscriptions in India: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 211
Figure 105: LTE Service Revenue in India: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 211
Figure 106: LTE ARPU in India: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 212
Figure 107: LTE Subscriptions in Korea: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 213
Figure 108: LTE Service Revenue in Korea: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 213
Figure 109: LTE ARPU in Korea: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 214
Figure 110: LTE Subscriptions in Germany: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 215
Figure 111: LTE Service Revenue in Germany: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 215
Figure 112: LTE ARPU in Germany: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 216
Figure 113: LTE Subscriptions in UK: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 217
Figure 114: LTE Service Revenue in UK: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 217
Figure 115: LTE ARPU in UK: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 218
Figure 116: LTE Subscriptions in Indonesia: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 219
Figure 117: LTE Service Revenue in Indonesia: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 219
Figure 118: LTE ARPU in Indonesia: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 220
Figure 119: LTE Subscriptions in Brazil: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 221
Figure 120: LTE Service Revenue in Brazil: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 221
Figure 121: LTE ARPU in Brazil: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 222
Figure 122: LTE Subscriptions in Italy: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 223
Figure 123: LTE Service Revenue in Italy: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 223
Figure 124: LTE ARPU in Italy: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 224
Figure 125: LTE Subscriptions in Russia: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 225
Figure 126: LTE Service Revenue in Russia: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 225
Figure 127: LTE ARPU in Russia: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 226
Figure 128: LTE Subscriptions in Spain: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 227
Figure 129: LTE Service Revenue in Spain: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 227
Figure 130: LTE ARPU in Spain: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 228
Figure 131: LTE Subscriptions in Saudi Arabia: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 229
Figure 132: LTE Service Revenue in Saudi Arabia: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 229
Figure 133: LTE ARPU in Saudi Arabia: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 230
Figure 134: LTE Subscriptions in Mexico: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 231
Figure 135: LTE Service Revenue in Mexico: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 231
Figure 136: LTE ARPU in Mexico: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 232
Figure 137: LTE Subscriptions in France: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 233
Figure 138: LTE Service Revenue in France: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 233
Figure 139: LTE ARPU in France: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 234
Figure 140: LTE Subscriptions in Poland: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 235
Figure 141: LTE Service Revenue in Poland: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 235
Figure 142: LTE ARPU in Poland: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 236
Figure 143: LTE Subscriptions in Malaysia: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 237
Figure 144: LTE Service Revenue in Malaysia: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 237
Figure 145: LTE ARPU in Malaysia: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 238
Figure 146: LTE Subscriptions in Australia: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 239
Figure 147: LTE Service Revenue in Australia: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 239
Figure 148: LTE ARPU in Australia: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 240
Figure 149: LTE Subscriptions in Philippines: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 241
Figure 150: LTE Service Revenue in Philippines: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 241
Figure 151: LTE ARPU in Philippines: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 242
Figure 152: LTE Subscriptions in Canada: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 243
Figure 153: LTE Service Revenue in Canada: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 243
Figure 154: LTE ARPU in Canada: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 244
Figure 155: Global TD-LTE Subscriptions: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 245
Figure 156: Global TD-LTE Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 245
Figure 157: Global TD-LTE ARPU: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 246
Figure 158: Global LTE FDD Subscriptions: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 247
Figure 159: Global LTE FDD Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 247
Figure 160: Global LTE FDD ARPU: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 248
Figure 161: Asia Pacific LTE Infrastructure Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 249
Figure 162: Asia Pacific LTE EPC Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 249
Figure 163: Asia Pacific LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 250
Figure 164: Asia Pacific LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 250
Figure 165: Asia Pacific LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 251
Figure 166: Asia Pacific LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 251
Figure 167: Asia Pacific TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 252
Figure 168: Asia Pacific TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 252
Figure 169: Asia Pacific TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 253
Figure 170: Asia Pacific TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 253
Figure 171: Asia Pacific LTE FDD Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 254
Figure 172: Asia Pacific LTE FDD Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 254
Figure 173: Asia Pacific LTE FDD Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 255
Figure 174: Asia Pacific LTE FDD Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 255
Figure 175: Asia Pacific LTE Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 256
Figure 176: Asia Pacific LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 256
Figure 177: Asia Pacific TD-LTE Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 257
Figure 178: Asia Pacific TD-LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 257
Figure 179: Asia Pacific LTE FDD Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 258
Figure 180: Asia Pacific LTE FDD Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 258
Figure 181: Asia Pacific LTE Subscriptions: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 259
Figure 182: Asia Pacific LTE Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 259
Figure 183: Asia Pacific LTE ARPU: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 260
Figure 184: Eastern Europe LTE Infrastructure Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 261
Figure 185: Eastern Europe LTE EPC Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 261
Figure 186: Eastern Europe LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 262
Figure 187: Eastern Europe LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 262
Figure 188: Eastern Europe LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 263
Figure 189: Eastern Europe LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 263
Figure 190: Eastern Europe TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 264
Figure 191: Eastern Europe TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 264
Figure 192: Eastern Europe TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 265
Figure 193: Eastern Europe TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 265
Figure 194: Eastern Europe LTE FDD Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 266
Figure 195: Eastern Europe LTE FDD Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 266
Figure 196: Eastern Europe LTE FDD Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 267
Figure 197: Eastern Europe LTE FDD Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 267
Figure 198: Eastern Europe LTE Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 268
Figure 199: Eastern Europe LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 268
Figure 200: Eastern Europe TD-LTE Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 269
Figure 201: Eastern Europe TD-LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 269
Figure 202: Eastern Europe LTE FDD Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 270
Figure 203: Eastern Europe LTE FDD Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 270
Figure 204: Eastern Europe LTE Subscriptions: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 271
Figure 205: Eastern Europe LTE Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 271
Figure 206: Eastern Europe LTE ARPU: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 272
Figure 207: Latin & Central America LTE Infrastructure Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 273
Figure 208: Latin & Central America LTE EPC Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 273
Figure 209: Latin & Central America LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 274
Figure 210: Latin & Central America LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 274
Figure 211: Latin & Central America LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 275
Figure 212: Latin & Central America LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 275
Figure 213: Latin & Central America TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 276
Figure 214: Latin & Central America TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 276
Figure 215: Latin & Central America TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 277
Figure 216: Latin & Central America TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 277
Figure 217: Latin & Central America LTE FDD Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 278
Figure 218: Latin & Central America LTE FDD Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 278
Figure 219: Latin & Central America LTE FDD Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 279
Figure 220: Latin & Central America LTE FDD Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 279
Figure 221: Latin & Central America LTE Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 280
Figure 222: Latin & Central America LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 280
Figure 223: Latin & Central America TD-LTE Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 281
Figure 224: Latin & Central America TD-LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 281
Figure 225: Latin & Central America LTE FDD Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 282
Figure 226: Latin & Central America LTE FDD Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 282
Figure 227: Latin & Central America LTE Subscriptions: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 283
Figure 228: Latin & Central America LTE Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 283
Figure 229: Latin & Central America LTE ARPU: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 284
Figure 230: Middle East & Africa LTE Infrastructure Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 285
Figure 231: Middle East & Africa LTE EPC Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 285
Figure 232: Middle East & Africa LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 286
Figure 233: Middle East & Africa LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 286
Figure 234: Middle East & Africa LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 287
Figure 235: Middle East & Africa LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 287
Figure 236: Middle East & Africa TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 288
Figure 237: Middle East & Africa TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 288
Figure 238: Middle East & Africa TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 289
Figure 239: Middle East & Africa TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 289
Figure 240: Middle East & Africa LTE FDD Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 290
Figure 241: Middle East & Africa LTE FDD Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 290
Figure 242: Middle East & Africa LTE FDD Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 291
Figure 243: Middle East & Africa LTE FDD Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 291
Figure 244: Middle East & Africa LTE Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 292
Figure 245: Middle East & Africa LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 292
Figure 246: Middle East & Africa TD-LTE Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 293
Figure 247: Middle East & Africa TD-LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 293
Figure 248: Middle East & Africa LTE FDD Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 294
Figure 249: Middle East & Africa LTE FDD Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 294
Figure 250: Middle East & Africa LTE Subscriptions: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 295
Figure 251: Middle East & Africa LTE Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 295
Figure 252: Middle East & Africa LTE ARPU: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 296
Figure 253: North America LTE Infrastructure Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 297
Figure 254: North America LTE EPC Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 297
Figure 255: North America LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 298
Figure 256: North America LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 298
Figure 257: North America LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 299
Figure 258: North America LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 299
Figure 259: North America TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 300
Figure 260: North America TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 300
Figure 261: North America TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 301
Figure 262: North America TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 301
Figure 263: North America LTE FDD Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 302
Figure 264: North America LTE FDD Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 302
Figure 265: North America LTE FDD Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 303
Figure 266: North America LTE FDD Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 303
Figure 267: North America LTE Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 304
Figure 268: North America LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 304
Figure 269: North America TD-LTE Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 305
Figure 270: North America TD-LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 305
Figure 271: North America LTE FDD Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 306
Figure 272: North America LTE FDD Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 306
Figure 273: North America LTE Subscriptions: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 307
Figure 274: North America LTE Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 307
Figure 275: North America LTE ARPU: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 308
Figure 276: Western Europe LTE Infrastructure Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Million) 309
Figure 277: Western Europe LTE EPC Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 309
Figure 278: Western Europe LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 310
Figure 279: Western Europe LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 310
Figure 280: Western Europe LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 311
Figure 281: Western Europe LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 311
Figure 282: Western Europe TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 312
Figure 283: Western Europe TD-LTE Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 312
Figure 284: Western Europe TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 313
Figure 285: Western Europe TD-LTE Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 313
Figure 286: Western Europe LTE FDD Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 314
Figure 287: Western Europe LTE FDD Macrocell Base Station (eNB) Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 314
Figure 288: Western Europe LTE FDD Small Cell Unit Shipments: 2010 – 2020 (Thousands of Units) 315
Figure 289: Western Europe LTE FDD Small Cell Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 – 2020 ($ Million) 315
Figure 290: Western Europe LTE Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 316
Figure 291: Western Europe LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 316
Figure 292: Western Europe TD-LTE Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 317
Figure 293: Western Europe TD-LTE Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 317
Figure 294: Western Europe LTE FDD Device Unit Shipments: 2010 - 2020 (Millions of Units) 318
Figure 295: Western Europe LTE FDD Device Unit Shipment Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 318
Figure 296: Western Europe LTE Subscriptions: 2010 - 2020 (Millions) 319
Figure 297: Western Europe LTE Service Revenue: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 319
Figure 298: Western Europe LTE ARPU: 2010 - 2020 ($ per Month) 320
Figure 299: LTE Service Revenue by Region: 2010 - 2020 ($ Billion) 325
Figure 300: Global Voice over LTE (VoLTE) User Forecast: 2013 – 2020 (Millions) 327

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